30th September 1946
Sydney University BA, LLB (Hons);
Honorary Doctor of Laws Oxford University BCL (Rhodes Scholar, 1970)
Married Kathy Lette (author) in 1990, divorced in 2017
Two children; one son (Julius) and one daughter (Georgina)
– Admitted as a barrister, Middle Temple, 1973
– Queens Counsel, 1988
– Founder and Head, Doughty Street Chambers, 1990 – present
– Assistant Recorder, 1993; Recorder, 1999
– Master, Middle Temple, 1998
– Appeal Judge, UN Special Court for Sierra Leone, 2002-2007
– President of Court, December, 2002 – March, 2004
– Distinguished Jurist Member, United Nations Internal Justice Council, 2008-2012
Appearance as leading counsel in over 200 reported cases, many in the European Court of Human Rights, the House of Lords, the Court of Appeal, the High Court and the Privy Council, with appearances in the Courts of Appeal of Singapore, Trinidad, the Eastern Caribbean, Malawi, Florida and appearances in various courts in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Mauritius and Malaysia Anguilla, Antigua and in the Revolutionary Military Tribunal of Mozambique. These cases have usually involved human rights and relate to international, constitutional and media law.
Visiting professorships in the past at Universities of Warwick, New South Wales, Queen Mary College, University of London. Currently visiting professor at New College of the Humanities.
Most recent keynote lecture was on the political appointments and judicial independence at IBA Annual Conference, Rule of Law section (Sydney, October 2017)
Media law lectures include Bernard Simons Lecture (1997), Kapila Lecture (1997), Goodman Lecture (1999), World Bank Lecture on media and judiciary (Washington, 2000), Commonwealth Legal Conference (1999, 2003 and 2005), September 11 memorial symposium, University of Connecticut (2004); International Judicial Colloquy, Stanford University (2005), Keynote address at Cornell Law School symposium, “Milosevic and Saddam on Trial” (February, 2005) published in Cornell Law Journal (Issue 3, Volume 5), “Nurenburg : The legend and the legacy”, Jackson Centre / Fridonia University, New York.
- Executive Member of JUSTICE
- Trustee, Capital Cases Trust (a charity)
- Consultant to Australian Government on defamation law reform (1984)
- Led human rights missions for Amnesty International to South Africa (1983, 1986), 1988), Vietnam (1989) and for Jan Hus Foundation to Czechoslovakia (1984, 1987).
- Led British Bar and Law Society mission to Malawi (1990)
- Retained by Commonwealth Secretariat to draft new constitution for Seychelles (1989)
- Appointed by President of Antigua as Counsel assisting Royal Commission into gun-running to Medallin Drugs Cartel (1990); in consequence called to assist the U.S. Senate enquiry into illegal traffic in conventional weapons (1991)
- Retained by Government of Malawi to advise on prosecution of Hastings Banda and others, and to lead for Crown in Malawi Court of Appeal (1996-7)
- Appointed by Government of Trinidad to draft green paper on Reform of Media Law (1998)
- Appointed by Government of Mauritius to draft new media laws (1999)
- Appointed as counsel to lord Mackay of Clashfern, Inquiry into the Commission into the Administration of Justice, Trinidad and Tobago (2000)
- Appeal Judge, UN Special Court for Sierra Leone (2002-2007)
- United Nations Internal Justice Council (2008 – present)
- Trustee,School of Oriental and African Studies (2016 – present)
- Trustee, Bureau of Investigative Journalism (2015 – present)
Writer and presenter, ‘Tree of Liberty’ (Granada, 1981); chairman, ‘You the Jury’ (BBC Radio 4, 1982-7); presenter of many ‘Hypotheticals’ for programs Granada, BBC, Australian Broadcasting Corporation; CBS and TV New Zealand; Presenter of “The World this Week” (Channel 4, 1987); writer and narrator of several television and radio documentaries for BBC and of 44 Days (ABC Television, 1992)
In recent years, clients represented in court include: the Chief Justice of Trinidad and Tobago (impeachment proceedings); CBS “Sixty Minutes” (police demand for evidence); Rockstar (attempt to ban Manhunt II); Wang Yam (Old Bailey murder trial); Dow Jones (The Wall Street Journal v Jameel libel action); The Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre (against the Natural History Museum); The Sunday Telegraph (the Gaddafi libel action), Forbes Magazine (the Berezovsky libel actions), the New York Times, Time and Fortune Magazines and Barrons magazine. Since 1986, Commonwealth counsel for Dow Jones Inc. representing the European and Asian Wall Street Journal and the Far Eastern Economic Review in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia and UK. Significant cases include Jameel v Wall Street Journal (public interest defence to libel), Gutnik v Dow Jones (jurisdiction over internet defamation) ex parte Randall (Washington Post: war reporter’s privilege) Goodwin v UK (European Court upholds right of journalists to protect sources), Bowman v UK (European Court requires liberalising of UK election law restrictions on media), Gay News (Blasphemy), National Theatre (Romans in Britain Prosecution), Salman Rushdie (Sedition), Shayler (House of Lords decision on official secrets), Represented ITV at Hutton enquiry.
In 1992 received a BAFTA award nomination for play ‘The Trials of Oz’ (BBC2, “Performance” series) and in 1993 a ‘Freedom of Information’ award for writing and broadcasting. Delivered the Grierson lecture on perceptions of reality in film and television (1987). Devised the National Film Theatre season ‘Court on Screen’ (October 2000). Various lectures for Royal Television Society and at Edinburgh Television Festival.